Install OPAM in 2 minutes

This page describes how to install and configure OPAM. For further help on how to use OPAM, either read opam --help or move on to the Basic Usage guide.

Installing OPAM with your distribution

You can use the OPAM package of your distribution if available. Here is a list of supported distributions:

Archlinux

The opam and opam-git packages are available in the AUR. Replace opam with opam-git in the following instruction to get the development version:

yaourt -S opam

Debian

Binary packages of OPAM 1.1.1 are available for the testing and unstable distributions. Wheezy users are left with the options of compiling from source, pinning the packages from the testing repository, requesting a backport from Debian, or using our binary installer below.

Exherbo

Simply install the `dev-ocaml/opam` package: cave resolve -x dev-opam/ocaml. You might need to add the ::ocaml-unofficial repository first: cave resolve -x repository/ocaml-unofficial.

Mageia

The opam package for Mageia can be installed with the command:

urpmi opam

OSX

OPAM packages for homebrew and MacPorts are available:

brew install opam                   # using Homebrew on OSX Mavericks
brew install opam --without-aspcud  # using Homebrew on OSX Mountain Lion (or lower)
port install opam                   # using MacPort

See also howto setup Emacs.app for opam usage.

Ubuntu (Precise, Quantal, Raring and Saucy)

add-apt-repository ppa:avsm/ppa
apt-get update
apt-get install ocaml opam

There are also PPAs available that are pinned to specific revisions of OCaml and OPAM to help with automated testing.

Ubuntu Trusty LTS

OCaml 4.01.0 and OPAM 1.1.1 are included in Ubuntu Trusty's universe repository, so just install them as normal.

apt-get update
apt-get install ocaml ocaml-native-compilers camlp4-extra opam

Binary installer

Pre-compiled versions for most common architectures and OSes are available on the Github "releases" page. We also provide a very simple installer script that will automatically download the right version for you, put it in your binary directory and initialize it.

wget https://raw.github.com/ocaml/opam/master/shell/opam_installer.sh
sh ./opam_installer.sh /usr/local/bin

You can also specify which version of OCaml you want to install:

sh ./opam_installer.sh /usr/local/bin 3.12.1 # Install the latest OPAM and OCaml 3.12.1
sh ./opam_installer.sh /usr/local/bin system # Install the latest OPAM using the system compiler (if any)

From Sources

Getting the Sources

Sources of the latest stable version of OPAM are available on Github. You can also download the full archives, including OPAM dependencies:

  • 1.1.1 MD5 (opam-full-1.1.1.tar.gz) = a7bebe947b3e6c1c10ccafabb839d374

  • 1.1.0 MD5 (opam-full-1.1.0.tar.gz) = d6e2f56b10c0be73b5677963e6659d24

Once the archive downloaded and extracted, you can then run the usual commands:

./configure && make && make install

See Advanced Install guide for more information.

Using ocamlbrew

ocamlbrew is a script that can bootstrap an OCaml environment including OPAM, from source. This option does not require an existing OCaml installation, or a pre-compiled OPAM binary for your platform. To bootstrap a new OCaml environment including OPAM, make sure that you have the necessary pre-requisites installed to run ocamlbrew, and then run:

curl -kL https://raw.github.com/hcarty/ocamlbrew/master/ocamlbrew-install | env OCAMLBREW_FLAGS="-r" bash