opam-repository

Section: Opam Manual (1)
Updated:
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NAME

opam-repository - Manage opam repositories.  

SYNOPSIS

opam repository [OPTION]... [COMMAND] [ARG]...  

DESCRIPTION

This command is used to manage package repositories. Repositories can be registered through subcommands add, remove and set-url, and are updated from their URLs using opam update. Their names are global for all switches, and each switch has its own selection of repositories where it gets package definitions from.

Main commands add, remove and set-repos act only on the current switch, unless differently specified using options explained in SCOPE SPECIFICATION OPTIONS.

Without a subcommand, or with the subcommand list, lists selected repositories, or all configured repositories with --all.  

COMMANDS

Without argument, defaults to list.

add NAME [ADDRESS] [QUORUM] [FINGERPRINTS]
Adds under NAME the repository at address ADDRESS to the list of configured repositories, if not already registered, and sets this repository for use in the current switch (or the specified scope). ADDRESS is required if the repository name is not already registered, and is otherwise an error if different from the registered address. The quorum is a positive integer that determines the validation threshold for signed repositories, with fingerprints the trust anchors for said validation.
 
Note: By default, the repository is only added to the current switch. To add a repository to other switches, you need to use the --all or --set-default options (see below). If you want to enable a repository only to install its switches, you may be looking for opam switch create --repositories=REPOS.
remove NAME...
Unselects the given repositories so that they will not be used to get package definitions anymore. With --all, makes opam forget about these repositories completely.
set-repos NAME...
Explicitely selects the list of repositories to look up package definitions from, in the specified priority order (overriding previous selection and ranks), according to the specified scope.
set-url NAME ADDRESS [QUORUM] [FINGERPRINTS]
Updates the URL and trust anchors associated with a given repository name. Note that if you don't specify [QUORUM] and [FINGERPRINTS], any previous settings will be erased.
list
Lists the currently selected repositories in priority order from rank 1. With --all, lists all configured repositories and the switches where they are active.
priority NAME RANK
Synonym to add NAME --rank RANK
 

SCOPE SPECIFICATION OPTIONS

These flags allow to choose what selections are changed by add, remove, set-repos. If no flag in this section is specified the updated selections default to the current switch. Multiple scopes can be selected, e.g. --this-switch --set-default.

-a, --all-switches
Act on the selections of all configured switches
--dont-select
Don't update any selections
--on-switches=SWITCHES
Act on the selections of the given list of switches
--set-default
Act on the default repository selection that is used for newly created switches
--this-switch
Act on the selections for the current switch (this is the default)
 

OPTIONS

-k KIND, --kind=KIND
Specify the kind of the repository to be used (one of `http', `local', `git', `darcs' or `hg').
--rank=RANK (absent=1)
Set the rank of the repository in the list of configured repositories. Package definitions are looked in the repositories in increasing rank order, therefore 1 is the highest priority. Negative ints can be used to select from the lowest priority, -1 being last. set-repos can otherwise be used to explicitly set the repository list at once.
-s, --short
Output raw lists of names, one per line, skipping any details.
 

COMMON OPTIONS

These options are common to all commands.

--best-effort
Don't fail if all requested packages can't be installed: try to install as many as possible. Note that not all external solvers may support this option (recent versions of aspcud or mccs should). This is equivalent to setting $OPAMBESTEFFORT environment variable.
--color=WHEN
Colorize the output. WHEN must be one of `always', `never' or `auto'.
--criteria=CRITERIA
Specify user preferences for dependency solving for this run. Overrides both $OPAMCRITERIA and $OPAMUPGRADECRITERIA. For details on the supported language, and the external solvers available, see http://opam.ocaml.org/doc/External_solvers.html. A general guide to using solver preferences can be found at http://www.dicosmo.org/Articles/usercriteria.pdf.
--cudf=FILENAME
Debug option: Save the CUDF requests sent to the solver to FILENAME-<n>.cudf.
--debug
Print debug message to stderr. This is equivalent to setting $OPAMDEBUG to "true".
--debug-level=LEVEL
Like --debug, but allows specifying the debug level (--debug sets it to 1). Equivalent to setting $OPAMDEBUG to a positive integer.
--git-version
Print the git version of opam, if set (i.e. you are using a development version), and exit.
--help[=FMT] (default=auto)
Show this help in format FMT. The value FMT must be one of `auto', `pager', `groff' or `plain'. With `auto', the format is `pager` or `plain' whenever the TERM env var is `dumb' or undefined.
--ignore-pin-depends
Ignore extra pins required by packages that get pinned, either manually through opam pin or through opam install DIR. This is equivalent to setting IGNOREPINDEPENDS=true.
--json=FILENAME
Save the results of the opam run in a computer-readable file. If the filename contains the character `%', it will be replaced by an index that doesn't overwrite an existing file. Similar to setting the $OPAMJSON variable.
--no-aspcud
Deprecated.
--no-auto-upgrade
When configuring or updating a repository that is written for an earlier opam version (1.2), opam internally converts it to the current format. This disables this behaviour. Note that repositories should define their format version in a 'repo' file at their root, or they will be assumed to be in the older format. It is, in any case, preferable to upgrade the repositories manually using opam admin upgrade [--mirror URL] when possible.
--no-self-upgrade
Opam will replace itself with a newer binary found at OPAMROOT/opam if present. This disables this behaviour.
-q, --quiet
Disables --verbose.
--root=ROOT
Use ROOT as the current root path. This is equivalent to setting $OPAMROOT to ROOT.
--safe, --readonly
Make sure nothing will be automatically updated or rewritten. Useful for calling from completion scripts, for example. Will fail whenever such an operation is needed ; also avoids waiting for locks, skips interactive questions and overrides the $OPAMDEBUG variable. This is equivalent to set environment variable $OPAMSAFE.
--solver=CMD
Specify the CUDF solver to use for resolving package installation problems. This is either a predefined solver (this version of opam supports builtin-mccs+lp(), builtin-mccs+glpk, aspcud, mccs, aspcud-old, packup), or a custom command that should contain the variables %{input}%, %{output}%, %{criteria}%, and optionally %{timeout}%. This is equivalent to setting $OPAMEXTERNALSOLVER.
--strict
Fail whenever an error is found in a package definition or a configuration file. The default is to continue silently if possible.
--switch=SWITCH
Use SWITCH as the current compiler switch. This is equivalent to setting $OPAMSWITCH to SWITCH.
--use-internal-solver
Disable any external solver, and use the built-in one (this requires that opam has been compiled with a built-in solver). This is equivalent to setting $OPAMNOASPCUD or $OPAMUSEINTERNALSOLVER.
-v, --verbose
Be more verbose. One -v shows all package commands, repeat to also display commands called internally (e.g. tar, curl, patch etc.) Repeating n times is equivalent to setting $OPAMVERBOSE to "n".
--version
Show version information.
-w, --working-dir
Whenever updating packages that are bound to a local, version-controlled directory, update to the current working state of their source instead of the last committed state, or the ref they are pointing to. This only affects packages explicitly listed on the command-line.It can also be set with $OPAMWORKINGDIR.
-y, --yes
Answer yes to all yes/no questions without prompting. This is equivalent to setting $OPAMYES to "true".
 

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

Opam makes use of the environment variables listed here. Boolean variables should be set to "0", "no", "false" or the empty string to disable, "1", "yes" or "true" to enable.

OPAMALLPARENS surround all filters with parenthesis

OPAMAUTOREMOVE see remove option `--auto-remove`

OPAMBESTEFFORT see option `--best-effort`

OPAMBESTEFFORTPREFIXCRITERIA sets the string that must be prepended to the criteria when the `--best-effort` option is set, and is expected to maximise the `opam-query` property in the solution

OPAMCOLOR, when set to always or never, sets a default value for the --color option.

OPAMCRITERIA specifies user preferences for dependency solving. The default value depends on the solver version, use `config report` to know the current setting. See also option --criteria

OPAMCUDFFILE file save the cudf graph to file-actions-explicit.dot

OPAMCURL can be used to select a given 'curl' program. See OPAMFETCH for more options.

OPAMDEBUG see options `--debug' and `--debug-level'.

OPAMDOWNLOADJOBS sets the maximum number of simultaneous downloads.

OPAMDRYRUN see option `--dry-run`

OPAMEDITOR sets the editor to use for opam file editing, overrides $EDITOR and $VISUAL

OPAMERRLOGLEN sets the number of log lines printed when a sub-process fails. 0 to print all.

OPAMEXTERNALSOLVER see option `--solver'.

OPAMFAKE see option `--fake`

OPAMFETCH specifies how to download files: either `wget', `curl' or a custom command where variables %{url}%, %{out}%, %{retry}%, %{compress}% and %{checksum}% will be replaced. Overrides the 'download-command' value from the main config file.

OPAMFIXUPCRITERIA same as OPAMUPGRADECRITERIA, but specific to fixup

OPAMIGNORECONSTRAINTS see install option `--ignore-constraints-on`

OPAMIGNOREPINDEPENDS see option `--ignore-pin-depends`

OPAMJOBS sets the maximum number of parallel workers to run.

OPAMJSON log json output to the given file (use character `%' to index the files)

OPAMLOCKED see install option `--locked`

OPAMLOGS logdir sets log directory, default is a temporary directory in /tmp

OPAMMAKECMD set the system make command to use

OPAMNOAUTOUPGRADE disables automatic internal upgrade of repositories in an earlier format to the current one, on 'update' or 'init'.

OPAMKEEPLOGS tells opam to not remove some temporary command logs and some backups. This skips some finalisers and may also help to get more reliable backtraces

OPAMLOCKRETRIES sets the number of tries after which opam gives up acquiring its lock and fails. <= 0 means infinite wait.

OPAMMERGEOUT merge process outputs, stderr on stdout

OPAMNO answer no to any question asked.

OPAMNOASPCUD Deprecated.

OPAMNOCHECKSUMS enables option --no-checksums when available.

OPAMNOSELFUPGRADE see option `--no-self-upgrade'.

OPAMPINKINDAUTO sets whether version control systems should be detected when pinning to a local path. Enabled by default since 1.3.0.

OPAMPRECISETRACKING fine grain tracking of directories

OPAMREQUIRECHECKSUMS Enables option `--require-checksums' when available (e.g. for `opam install`).

OPAMRETRES sets the number of tries before failing downloads.

OPAMROOT see option `--root'. This is automatically set by `opam env --root=DIR --set-root'.

OPAMROOTISOK don't complain when running as root.

OPAMSAFE see option `--safe'

OPAMSHOW see option `--show`

OPAMSKIPUPDATE see option `--skip-updates`

OPAMSKIPVERSIONCHECKS bypasses some version checks. Unsafe, for compatibility testing only.

OPAMSOLVERTIMEOUT change the time allowance of the solver. Default is 60.0, set to 0 for unlimited. Note that all solvers may not support this option.

OPAMSTATUSLINE display a dynamic status line showing what's currently going on on the terminal. (one of one of `always', `never' or `auto')

OPAMSTATS display stats at the end of command

OPAMSTRICT fail on inconsistencies (file reading, switch import, etc.)

OPAMSWITCH see option `--switch'. Automatically set by `opam env --switch=SWITCH --set-switch'.

OPAMUNLOCKBASE see install option `--unlock-base`

OPAMUPGRADECRITERIA specifies user preferences for dependency solving when performing an upgrade. Overrides OPAMCRITERIA in upgrades if both are set. See also option --criteria

OPAMUSEINTERNALSOLVER see option `--use-internal-solver'.

OPAMUSEOPENSSL force openssl use for hash computing

OPAMUTF8 use UTF8 characters in output (one of one of `always', `never' or `auto'). By default `auto', which is determined from the locale).

OPAMUTF8MSGS use extended UTF8 characters (camels) in opam messages. Implies OPAMUTF8. This is set by default on OSX only.

OPAMVALIDATIONHOOK hook if set, uses the `%{hook%}` command to validate an opam repository update

OPAMVAR_var overrides the contents of the variable var when substituting `%{var}%` strings in `opam` files.

OPAMVAR_package_var overrides the contents of the variable package:var when substituting `%{package:var}%` strings in `opam` files.

OPAMVERBOSE see option `--verbose'.

OPAMWORKINGDIR see option `--working-dir`

OPAMYES see option `--yes'.  

EXIT STATUS

As an exception to the following, the `exec' command returns 127 if the command was not found or couldn't be executed, and the command's exit value otherwise.

0
Success, or true for boolean queries.
1
False. Returned when a boolean return value is expected, e.g. when running with --check, or for queries like opam lint.
2
Bad command-line arguments, or command-line arguments pointing to an invalid context (e.g. file not following the expected format).
5
Not found. You requested something (package, version, repository, etc.) that couldn't be found.
10
Aborted. The operation required confirmation, which wasn't given.
15
Could not acquire the locks required for the operation.
20
There is no solution to the user request. This can be caused by asking to install two incompatible packages, for example.
30
Error in package definition, or other metadata files. Using --strict raises this error more often.
31
Package script error. Some package operations were unsuccessful. This may be an error in the packages or an incompatibility with your system. This can be a partial error.
40
Sync error. Could not fetch some remotes from the network. This can be a partial error.
50
Configuration error. Opam or system configuration doesn't allow operation, and needs fixing.
60
Solver failure. The solver failed to return a sound answer. It can be due to a broken external solver, or an error in solver configuration.
99
Internal error. Something went wrong, likely due to a bug in opam itself.
130
User interrupt. SIGINT was received, generally due to the user pressing Ctrl-C.
 

FURTHER DOCUMENTATION

See https://opam.ocaml.org/doc.  

AUTHORS

Vincent Bernardoff <vb@luminar.eu.org>

Raja Boujbel <raja.boujbel@ocamlpro.com>

Roberto Di Cosmo <roberto@dicosmo.org>

Thomas Gazagnaire <thomas@gazagnaire.org>

Louis Gesbert <louis.gesbert@ocamlpro.com>

Fabrice Le Fessant <Fabrice.Le_fessant@inria.fr>

Anil Madhavapeddy <anil@recoil.org>

Guillem Rieu <guillem.rieu@ocamlpro.com>

Ralf Treinen <ralf.treinen@pps.jussieu.fr>

Frederic Tuong <tuong@users.gforge.inria.fr>  

BUGS

Check bug reports at https://github.com/ocaml/opam/issues.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COMMANDS
SCOPE SPECIFICATION OPTIONS
OPTIONS
COMMON OPTIONS
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
EXIT STATUS
FURTHER DOCUMENTATION
AUTHORS
BUGS

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 01:02:35 GMT, December 18, 2018